Vol. XIII No. 3 Bulletin
July - September 2010
Vol. XIII No. 2 Bulletin
April - June 2010
Vol. XIII No. 1 Bulletin 2
January - March 2010
Vol. X11 No. 2, 3 & 4
April - December 2009
Vol. XII No. 1 Bulletin
January - March 2009
Vol. X I No. 4 Bulletin
October - December 2008
Vol. X I No. 3 Bulletin
July - September 2008
Vol. X I No. 2 Bulletin
April - June 2008
Vol. XI No. 1 Bulletin
January – March 2008
Vol. X No. 4 Bulletin
October – December 2007
Vol. X No. 3 Bulletin
July – September 2007
Vol. X No. 2 Bulletin
April – June 2007
Vol. X No. 1 Bulletin
January – March 2007
Vol. IX No. 4
October - December 2006
Vol. IX No. 3 Bulletin
July - September 2006
Vol. IX No. 2 Bulletin
April - June 2006
Vol. IX No. 1 Bulletin
January - March 2006
Vol. VIII No. 4
October - December 2005
Vol. VIII No. 3
July - September 2005
Vol. VIII No. 2
April - June 2005
Vol. VIII No. 1
January - March 2005
Vol. VII No. 4
October - December 2004
Vol. VII No. 3
July - September 2004
Vol. VII No. 2 Bulletin
April - June 2004
Vol. VII No. 1 Bulletin
January - March 2004
Vol. VI No. 4 Bulletin
October - December 2003
Vol. VI No. 3 Bulletin
July - September 2003
Vol. VI No. 2 Bulletin
April - June 2003
Vol. VI No. 1 Bulletin
January - March 2003
Vol. V No. 4 Bulletin
October - December 2002
Vol. V No. 3 Bulletin
July - September 2002
Vol. V No. 2 Bulletin
April - June 2002
Vol. V No. 1 Bulletin
January - March 2002
October - December 2001
Vol. IV No. 3 Bulletin
July - September 2001
Vol. IV No. 2 Bulletin
April - June 2001
Vol. IV No. 1 Bulletin
January - March 2001
Vol. III No. 4 Bulletin
October - December 2000
Vol. III No. 3 Bulletin
July - September 2000
Vol. III No. 2 Bulletin
April - June 2000
January - March 2000
October - December 1999
July - September 1999
Vol. II No. 2 Bulletin
April - June 1999
January - March 1999
Goethals Indian Library & Research Society, Kolkata
Vol. VII No. 4 October - December 2004
News Update | Articles | Researchers
New Arrivals | Mails & Emails
- Shri Ramsvarup Chaudhuri has donated Sri Ramacarita manasa and Srimad Bhagavata
Mahapurana (2 parts). The books were brought by Saurav Agarwal, a 3rd year B.
Com student of St. Xavier’s college.
- An ex-student of SXC, Mr. Md. Khalid Mustafa
(B.Sc.) donated the Feynman
lectures on Physics, Vol. I, II & III to the library. These lectures were
delivered to students of the California Institute of Technology by the Nobel
laureate Dr. Feynman.
- Mr. Julian Sunil Martin Roy has donated a copy of his book "Brief History of
Portuguese Converts" to the library.
- International Seminar: Fr. Felix Raj was at Aquinas College, Colombo, November
26-30, as the Convener of the 6th IIDS International Seminar on "Ten Years of WTO
and Towards an Asian Union". He presented a paper on "WTO and Asian
Developing Countries". Around 75 Economists from India participated, including
two from St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata. A shorter version of Fr. Raj’s paper was
published in ‘The Statesman’ on December 7, 2004.
Fr. Felix Raj, "Globalization and its impact on Tribals in India", Xavier
Research Journal, Ranchi, Vol. 3, No. I, Jan-April 2004. pp 11-19.
WTO and Asia, The Statesman,
December 8, 2004, Calcutta.
Towards a New World Order,
Indian Currents, 28 November, 2004, Delhi.
Researchers at Goethals
Dr. Indrajit Bose of Presidency College: on Early Travellers to India.
Dr. Gupta: on Writings of Early Travellers to India.
Fr. Mary John, Tamil Nadu: to refer "The Herald", "Indo-European Correspondence"
and "Modern Review".
Prof. Charlotte Simpson of St. Xavier’s College: on West Bengal, Indian Art,
History of Bengal and Jainism.
Dr. Rila Mukherjee of Jadavpur University.
Sr. Irene of Loreto House: on Church of Our Lady of Dolours, Baitakhana.
Mr. Rezam Rahman from the UK: to refer St. Xavier’s Magazines.
Fr. Samuel Lepcha from Kalimpong, Darjeeling: on History of Christianity in
Mr. Dilip Ranjan Bose: on History of the crematorium building in Calcutta.
Fr. J Arockiasamy from Morning Star College: on History of the Santals.
Fr. S Amal Raj from Krishnagar: on social structure and the belief of all
Mr. Nicholas Gervase Rhodes: on history of Darjeeling.
Ms. Chayanika Chakraborty a student of St. Xavier’s college: on history,
Hinduism and Christianity.
Darjeeling: The Tea Industry
Progress of the Industry: The establishment of the tea industry in Darjeeling is
due to the enterprise of Dr. Campbell, who was appointed Superintendent of
Darjeeling at a time when attention was being attracted to the possibility of
starting and developing the cultivation and manufacture of tea in the
territories under the East India Company. In 1834 the Governor-General, Lord
William Bentinck, had appointed a committee "for the purpose of submitting a
plan for the introduction of tea culture into India." This committee was
apparently ignorant of the fact that in 1821 Major Bruce, and in 1824 Mr. Scott,
had discovered the tea plant growing wild in Assam; and much expense and
considerable delay were consequently incurred in bringing plants and seed from
China, and importing Chinamen to teach the people of India how to grow the plant
and manufacture tea. Satisfied that a great future might lie before the
industry, Government itself undertook the formation of experimental plantations
in Upper Assam and the districts of Kumaon and Garhwal; in 1839 private
speculation took the field, and the Assam Tea Company was formed.
Introduction of Tea
In 1840 Dr. Campbell was transferred from Kathmandu to
Darjeeling, and there started the experimental growth of tea. It was soon found
that the plant throve readily, at this altitude, and others began to follow Dr.
Campbell’s example, seed being distributed by the Government to those who
desired to cultivate the plant. Writing in 1852, Mr. Jackson says in his Report
on Darjeeling- "I have seen several plantations in various stages of
advancement, both of the Assam and China plant, and I have found the plants
healthy and vigorous, showing that the soil is well adapted for the cultivation.
In the garden of the Superintendent, Dr. Campbell, in Darjeeling, in the more
extensive plantations of Dr. Withecombe, the Civil Surgeon, and Major Crommelin,
of the Engineers, in a lower valley called Lebong, the same satisfactory result
has been obtained: the leaves, the Blossom and the seeds are full and healthy;
the reddish clay of the sides of the hill at Lebong seems to suit the plant
better than the black loam of Darjeeling itself, at a height of 7,000 feet; but
the opinion of Dr. Hooker and of others competent to judge seems to be that
there is too much moisture and too little sun at Darjeeling to admit of the
cultivation on a large scale becoming remunerative: this objection, however,
does not apply to the lower sites of Pankhabari and Kurseong, where a plantation
of both tea and coffee has been established by Mr. Martin, and the plants are
now in a highly-thriving condition. In this tract of country, between the Morung
and Darjeeling, every variety of elevation and aspect is to be found, and there
seems to be little or no doubt that tea cultivation in that tract would answer.
- Bengal District Gazetteers- Darjeeling by LSS O’ Malley. Logos Press, New
Delhi. 1999 (1907). Book No: 5B/25(B). pp 72,73.
The Dancing Deer
A famous place in the old days for geese and duck shooting, was the Logtak Lake
in Manipur. Manipur is situated between the Naga Hills of India and Burma, and
used to be a small princely state. It now has the status of a Union Territory of
India. Not much shooting is done there nowadays, I think, owing to the very high
cost of 12-bore cartridges.
At a corner of this large lake lives a very rare and extremely elegant deer-the
brow-antlered deer (Pl. 47). It is so called because the brow tines of its
antlers sweep forwards and the beams backwards in a continuous, graceful curve.
It officially became "extinct" in 1951, but a few years later was reported to be
still existing in this very swampy area of tall grasses and reeds. I had always
been interested in the preservation of this rare deer, and very much welcomed
the chance to go there and investigate.
The I.U.C.N. sponsored my visit and the I.B.W.L. gave me moral support.
There are three subspecies of this deer: this one in Manipur, another one in
Burma said to be becoming rarer each year, and a third one in Thailand and other
parts of south-east Asia reported to be very nearly extinct. We in India are
responsible for the survival of the first-mentioned, which the Manipuris call
sangai, or "the animal that looks at you".
Accordingly I set out for Manipur by road in October 1959, and motored up the
Brahmaputra valley and then through the Naga Hills to Manipur, where I was
received by the courteous and co-operative Chief Forest Officer. After
collecting all the information I could in Imphal the capital, I then moved on to
the south-west corner of the Logtak Lake to start my field study.
When you walk on this phumdi it moves and shakes; and if you disappear through
it into the black oozy water underneath, you know you have trodden where its
thickness is only a few inches! The deer by living there for thousands of years,
have developed slightly splayed-out hooves; and their pasterns are hairless and
horny so that they can walk with them bent down on the reeds and grasses and not
sink through the phumdi.
There are floating islands on lakes in Kashmir, Burma and North America that I
have heard of, but I think that KEIBU L LAMJAO in Manipur in north-east India is
the only floating wild life sanctuary in the world.
-The Wild life of India by E
P Gee Collins London. 1965. Book No: 17A/101. pp 130,131.
Howrah, the second biggest city of West Bengal emerged as one of the most
important industrial cities in India in the late nineteenth century. With the
exception of Calcutta it was the biggest among the towns of the lower Hooghly
industrial region.’ Though it was part and parcel of Calcutta it was often
called "Collie Town".
Some situational advantages e.g. good anchorages, foreign market, a reputed
place of worship etc. helped form the nucleus of a commercial centre. The city
of Howrah could exploit certain advantages. Its old railway hubs, industries,
influx of population, municipality, places of worship, roads and bridges gave
the city the urban character. Batore and Salkia were two trade centres of Howrah.
Batore was to Satgaon what Zedda was to Mecca. The importance of these two trade
centres has been discussed in another chapter.
Docks, mills and factories in Howrah gave this city an industrial character. Its
population came mostly from factory workers and for which this city was called a
coolie town. With the advent of the Europeans the social and cultural life began
to take a new shape. The introduction of missionary schools and Christian
religion in Howrah brought a new turn in social life. From the census report of
1872 we find that there were 1484 Christians, and 354 souls of other religions
excluding Hindus and Muslims in this city.
- Howrah: A study in Urbanization by
A K Mukherjee. Chatterjee Publisher, Calcutta, 1992. pp1.Book No: 9B/144.
Ambedkar’s perspective on Buddhism and other Religions by C D Naik. Kalpaz
publications, New Delhi. 2004.
Ancient India, in Historical outline by D N Jha. Manohar. New Delhi. 1998.
Bengal Obituary by Holmes & Co. Punthi Pustak, Calcutta. 1991.
Brief History of Portuguese converts – Atharo Gram, Dacca Catholics by J S
Martin Roy. Roy Sumusti Publications. Kolkata. 2004.
Caste in Bengal Border
by P K Bhowmick. R N Bhattacharya. Kolkata. 2002.
Cult of Goddess Sitala in Bengal by S K Mukhopadhyay. Firma KLM. Kolkata. 1994.
Development programmes and tribal scenario – A study of Santal, Kora, Oraon by
Md. Ayub Mallick. Firma KLM. Kolkata 2004.
Early Bengali Serials 1818-1950 by A Mukhopadhyay. K P Bagchi & Co. Kolkata.
Feynman Lectures on Physics (3 Vols) by R P Feynman. Narosa Publishing, New
Gitanjali – Song Offerings by Rabindranath Tagore. UBSPD, New Delhi. 2004.
History of Indian Social and Political Ideas by B B Majumdar. Firma KLM.
History of Science and Technology in Ancient India
(3 vols) by D Chattopadhyaya.
Firma KLM. Calcutta. 1996.
History of the Calcutta Press by P T Nair. Firma KLM, Calcutta, 1987.
Laws of Manu by G Buhler. Cosmo Publications. New Delhi. 2004.
People and culture of Bengal:
A study in Origins (2 vols) by A Chattopadhyaya.
Firma KLM. Kolkata, 2002.
Raj and the Bengali people by S K Datta. Firma KLM Kolkata, 2002.
Scenario of Population growth in India by D N Kokar. Akansha Publishing House,
New Delhi. 2004.
South Indians in Kolkata by P T Nair, Punthi Pustak. Kolkata. 2004.
Srimad Bhagavata Mahapurana (2 vols.). Gita Press. Gorakhpur. 2001.
Srimad Ramacaritamanasa, Gita Press. Gorakhpur. 2001.
Mails & Emails
I am doing research on the history of the Jesuit missions to the court of
Emperor Akbar, and would be most grateful if I could obtain a photocopy of two
publications. Fr. H. HOSTEN, List of Jesuit missionaries in Mogor, 1580-1803 and
E.D. MACLAGAN, Jesuit missions to the Emperor Akbar.
Dirk Collier, Belgium.
I am an alumnus of St. Xavier's College and I am looking for some biographical
information of Fr. Goreaux and Fr. Verstraeten. I am interested in learning
about their scientific background - where and what they studied before coming to
India. Thank you also for the wonderful website of the Goethals library.
Amitabha Sen, Chicago.
I have in my possession a sword presented to a Cadet in 1810. It is inscribed:
"Honorary Award, Cadet Company, Barraset, 18 June, 1810,G.H. Johnstone, Cadet".
Could this have been a cadet at St. Xaviers?
J. R. N. Virginia, USA
I am an undergraduate student at Harvard University, Massachusetts, USA. I am
assisting professor Devesh Kapur in his research regarding the ‘Indian
Diaspora’. During his research he came across excerpts from the book
"Biographies of Eminent Indians" by Natesan which is listed under the
"Biographies" section leading off your front page. Please send me more
information about the publication. Yours is the only institution we have been
able to find possessing a copy of this publication.
Goethals Indian Library & Research Society, St. Xavier’s, 30 Mother Teresa
Sarani, Kolkata-700 016, India.
Tel: 0091-33-2280 1919; email: email@example.com
Director: Fr. Felix Raj, SJ; Library Asst: Mr. Warren
Brown; Computer Asst: Mr. Sunil Mondol