Vol. XIII No. 3 Bulletin
July - September 2010
Vol. XIII No. 2 Bulletin
April - June 2010
Vol. XIII No. 1 Bulletin 2
January - March 2010
Vol. X11 No. 2, 3 & 4
April - December 2009
Vol. XII No. 1 Bulletin
January - March 2009
Vol. X I No. 4 Bulletin
October - December 2008
Vol. X I No. 3 Bulletin
July - September 2008
Vol. X I No. 2 Bulletin
April - June 2008
Vol. XI No. 1 Bulletin
January – March 2008
Vol. X No. 4 Bulletin
October – December 2007
Vol. X No. 3 Bulletin
July – September 2007
Vol. X No. 2 Bulletin
April – June 2007
Vol. X No. 1 Bulletin
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October - December 2006
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October - December 2004
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July - September 2004
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Vol. IV No. 3 Bulletin
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Goethals Indian Library & Research Society, Kolkata
Vol. VI No. 2 Bulletin April - June 2003
News Update | Articles | Researchers
New Arrivals | Mails & Emails
Goethals Library Project: GILRS has started a project called "Daniels for Public
View". Digital colour prints of the 144 plates of Oriental Scenery by Thomas
Daniel and his nephew William (1791) are being made for the purpose of regular
exhibitions in various places so that people can view and appreciate the
beautiful plates on many historical places of India. The project should be over
by the end of July. The Goethals library is proud to own the complete set in 6
volumes. Those who want to view the originals are welcome to the library.
A study made by GILRS on the "Religious faith of Kolkatans" has been published
in the ‘Popoli’ magazine, April 2003 issue.
The Goethals Library will host an exhibition of books on "Indian Philosophy
and Religion" from 21st to the 26th of July. All are welcome.
Cleaning, preservation and fumigation of all the books was done in the month
of April, 2003.
We thank Prof. P Lal for the donation of several books written and published
by him at Writers Workshop (WW).
Mahabharata transcreated by P Lal (Vols
Upanishads (21 Vols)
"Be vocal in times of Beauty"
Researchers at Goethals
Fr. T Nishant, SJ: He did research on the Musahars: Cultural life of a Dalit
Community in Bihar. Fr. Nishant SJ is from Bihar, he is studying at the Mumbai
Mr. Dhendup Tshering Namchu is studying the history of Calcutta and Bengal. He
is an ex-student of St. Joseph’s College, North Point, Darjeeling.
Mr. Kamalendu Dakshit from Salt Lake, visited the library to do research on
Indian history and Indian Classical Literature.
Mr. Sibadas Chaudhuri, a research investigator of the Asiatic Society, is
compiling a concise Biographical notices of the Members and Associates of the
Mr. Themistocles D’Silva, visited the library to do research on the history of
villages in Goa. He is from the USA and was an ex-student of St. Xavier’s
Ms. Cheryl Francis has made a study on the
influence of the Jesuits on Mother
Teresa for Goethals Library and for publication in POPOLI and LIL-HBIEBNA. The
two magazines are planning to publish this article in October 2003 when Mother
Teresa will be beatified. A survey among Catholic students in colleges on their
response to religious life is in progress.
Ms. Neeta Mutum discovered the library on the Internet she visited to do
research on Indian Art & Architecture.
Sr. Mary Huber from New York, visited the library to do research on Women in
Students who visited the library were Ms. Esha Datta, Mr. Kingshuk Banerjee,
Mr. Vikram Verma, Mr. Vikas Keyal and others.
A Reminder: Quite a few rare books have disappeared from the Goethals Library
over the years. This note is to remind those who by forgetfulness might have the
Goethals’ books in their shelves, to return them as early as possible. "Better
late than never."
History of St. Xavier’s
by (Late) Fr. Verstraeten
1879: This year 9 students passed the Entrance examination, one of them stood
second in the list. In BA none passed, but one passed in MA.
From the previous year the College fees had been raised from Rs. 5 to Rs. 6 per
month. The increased income was to be used for the development of the College
During the month of July several of the fathers and brothers were down with
brain fever, or cholera, Brother Krynen was very ill, several of the students
also were ill; the only valid people were the Rector Fr Van Impe, and the
prefect of studies Fr Henry, who took care of the numerous sick fathers and
On 18 August, the wheel of one of the buses broke down, and some of the boys
were thrown violently to the ground.
The St Xavier’s College Observatory continued its weekly reports of
meteorological observations in the IEC, signed this year by Fr Bruhl SJ.
In the realm of Astronomy, Fr A de Penaranda made several elaborate
contributions to the IEC about solar and lunar eclipses, about the planets in
general, and more particularly about the planet Mars.
During the year 1879, the whole college building was under repairs for three
months, to enlarge rooms and improve ventilation. The Observatory was being
fitted with astronomical equipment, as funds permitted. The Rector also planned
to establish scholarships in the School department for talented boys unable to
pay for their education.
The Annual Prize Distribution took place on 10 and 11 December, presided over on
the first day by Archbishop Goethals, and on the second day by Sir Richard
Garth, Chief Justice of the High Court of Bengal. On both days the function was
preceded by a dramatic performance, "The Dream of Ambition". The Chief Justice
was full of praise for the excellent performance.
- From "Annals of St. Xavier’s
College Calcutta", 1835-1935. Compiled by (Late) Fr. A. Verstraeten. pp 118.
On the Antiquities of Guzerat
By Captain H. Mackenzie
"Guzerat City and Fort - There are few antiquities in this district and of these
few, little is known. Guzerat itself is considered to be of great antiquity: a
town had existed here in former ages. I have not heard of any antique coins
having been found in Guzerat itself, by which any perfectly trustworthy dates
might be fixed, but there seems no reason to doubt that it was a place of some
importance prior to Greek invasion. A Hindoo Raja named Raja Buchanpal, a
Soorujbunsee, who emigrated from the lower Gangetic Doab to the Punjab, is said
to have first built a city here, and called it Oodanuggree, the Everlasting or
Sweet Smelling City. It is not known when this city ceased to exist, but it is
recorded that in Sumbut 175 or 1740 years ago, Ranee Guzran, wife of Raja Budr
Sain, (son of Raja Risaloo of Sealkote) rebuilt the city, and called it Guzran
Nuggree. This too passed away. In Sumbut 1350, Sultan Mahmud Guzniwalla laid it
waste, and it seems to have remained so until 285 years afterwards, when the
Emperor Akbur Shah chose the ancient mound as the site for a stronghold.
The year 996 Hijree, A.D. 1580, is fixed upon as the date of its erection. It
seems not improbable that the Emperor Shere Shah may have had a hand in it at an
early period; for, after building the fortress of Rhotas, he is reported to have
taken much pains to settle this part of the country, so long disturbed by the
contumacy of the Ghukkers. In those days there was no stronghold in the Ghuj
Doab to mark the Imperial power, and it was the high road between Dehli and
Cabul. Thus the position as well as the features of the locality were favourable.
The Emperor therefore decided to build a fortress on the present site of Guzerat.
The story goes on to say that according to the old Asiatic principle "Minuk az
Sirkar," "Arud az Bazar," the Emperor proposed that the inhabitants of the
country should bear half the expense. But the Jats, in whose, section of the
Doab it was situated, objected, and the Emperor was obliged to turn for
assistance to the Goojurs who inhabited the neighbouring country to the west.
The sum required was one lakh and a quarter, but the idea of having a Goojur
Fort in the country of the Jats was so tempting, that the Goojurs agreed to
raise the money. Futty Mahomed Chondra of Varaichanwalla, a village near Dingah,
took the lead in the matter, but the cash was advanced by Adum, a wealthy Goojur
of Dingah. This man, however, was so unlettered that he could only give the cash
by measure, and he accordingly meted it out in a Tossa measure. His descendants
are known to this day, as the Tossa division of Goojurs and the names of the
villages they own and inhabit, all have the prefix of Tossa, thus Tossa Oosman,
Tossa Adum, &c. &c.
The fort was thus built with the assistance of the Goojurs and called conjointly
after them and the Emperor "Goojerat Akberabad." This so vexed the Jats that
they soon after sent a deputation to the Emperor at Dehli, and tried to induce
him to change the name. But the Emperor refused to do so, and only consented to
mark off their country as a separate Turuf with any name the Jats might choose
to give it. They chose the name of Herat, from the Persian province of that name
being their real or supposed place of origin."
- From the "Journal of the
Asiatic Society of Bengal." Vol. XXXIII, Calcutta, 1865. pp 402,403.
On the Buddhist Remains of Sultanganj
By Babu Rajendralala Mitra
Ascending the Ganges from Bhagalpur, the first object of interest which arrests
the attention of the traveller is a singular mass of granite towering abruptly
to the height of about a hundred feet from the bed of the river. Its natural
beauty and romantic situation have long since dedicated it to the service of
religion; and Jangirah, the name of the rock in question, has been associated
with many a tale of love and arms. It stands at a distance of about a hundred
yards from the right bank immediately opposite to the mart of Sultanganj, and is
surmounted by a small stone temple which is visible from a great distance, and
serves as a beacon tower to the mariner. The presiding deity of the sanctuary is
named Gaibinatha, a form of Siva whose identity I cannot ascertain. Along with
him are associated a number of statues and images whom the resident priests hold
in such slender respect that they did not object to my scratching some of them
with a penknife to ascertain the nature of the stones of which they are made.
The temple bears no inscription, and the attended Brahmans could not give me any
information regarding its history. Judging however, from its make and
appearance, I believe it cannot be more than two or three centuries old. Around
it is resituated a few low rooms for the accommodation of the priests.
The face of the rock is covered by a number of bassi-relievi, most of which are
Hindu and include representations of Ganesa, Hanumana, Krishna, Radha, Vamana,
Ananta sleeping on a snake, Siva and other Pauranic divinities. But there are a
few which are decidedly of Buddhist and Jain origin. The Buddhist figures,
mostly Buddha in the meditative posture, occupy more centrical positions than
the Hindu ones and appear to be more worn away than the latter; both
circumstances affording conclusive evidence of the place having been originally
a Buddhist sanctuary which the Brahmans have appropriated to themselves since
the downfall of Buddhism. A Jain temple still exists on one side of the rock to
which a few pilgrims occasionally come to offer their adoration to Paras wanatha
the 23rd teacher of the sect.
- From the "Journal of the Asiatic Society of
Bengal", Vol XXXIII, Calcutta, 1865 pp 360.
The Spirit of India
Go to the Taj Mahal and see there the wonders of love in art. Shah Jehan, one of
the richest of Mogul Emperors, loved his chief wife with burning sincerity. And
she was worthy of his love. She was beautiful and good. At least so we are told.
Her name was Mumtaz i Mahal (Exalted of the Palace), and she was a gracious
presence in the royal household. But she died. Shah Jehan was so grief stricken
that he decided to build for her a monument that would be a joy for ever. And so
he built the Taj Mahal. It has been a joy ever since the last marble stone was
placed on its noble dome. I am not to describe it. There are things in the world
that defy description as completely as poetry defies translation. Its beauty is
in its love; it has the mould and spirit of love. Not the strong, virile love of
a man of the sword, but the gentle, sweet affection of one refined heart for
Shah Jehan saw in his lovely wife something that was very precious, not alone to
him but to the whole world. We can all enter into sympathy with him. Life
generally is an ugly disorder. It scrambles in a covert selfishness; beauty it
buys and sells; there is nothing sacred to it. Its mouth is gory with the blood
of trusting innocence. Shah Jehan, craving for love and beauty, found both in
his wife. She was to him what the world was not. He saw in her the
personification of all that was fair and gentle in life, and so this poet in an
emperor’s robes resolved that his wife’s graces and goodness should sing to
generations in an imperishable sonnet. The Taj Mahal is the result.
Shah Jehan was no singer. His responsibilities were too great. He could feel
beauty; he could not express it. But there were thousands willing to carry out
his behests. He commissioned those with skill to build for him a flower in
stone-a gentle, loving, beauteous flower. That is what the Taj is. It speaks no
harsh word. It is soft, chaste, modulated.
It has a woman’s tenderness and a white, transfiguring holiness. Love gleams
pure and exalted from pinnacle and dome. Study the lines of the Taj. They are
all slender and exquisite. Carving, dome, shadows – all light, kindly and
benevolent. The sun makes it shimmer like a queen; but it is a queen robed in
love and a fragrant goodness. The Taj does not command; it only smiles and
enchants. It has power, but it is the power of a pearly star in a vast darkness
- An extract from "The Spirit of India" by W J Grant. Published by B
T Batsford. London, 1938. Book no: 55G-4, pp 52,53.
India and "The Dedicated" – towards the rise of a Nation by M Ray and A B
Ray, Published by Manuscript India, Howrah, 2003.
Rabindranath Tagore’s, Concepts of State, Nation and Nationalism by K N Mukherjee. Published by Punthi Pustak, Kolkata, 2003.
Santhal Women – A social profile by C Sahu. Published by Sarup & Sons. New
Tribal Development in India by A Kumar. Published by Sarup & Sons, New Delhi,
Mails & Emails
I visited your beautiful and informative web page and found your article on
Thirukkural. Congratulations for your attempt. Based on the information provided
in your page, I have indicated that Thirukkural belongs to the year 31 BC. The
period of Auvvaiyar is not very clear. However, there is a story that Auvvaiyar
helped Thiruvalluvar in getting Thirukkural accepted by the Tamil Sangam. Based
on this, can we take that Auvvaiyar also lived during the same period (31 BC)?
Dr. R Sridhar, Cuttak
Sri Sandeep Chowdhury of Chennai, has gifted a life subscription of the Vedanta
Kesari under the UK Library scheme for 10 years and he has chosen your library
as the awardee institution. Kindly make it available to the readers in the
library for their benefit.
Swami Jnanadananda, Chennai
I am a student from Assam, currently working on a paper on the Indian Rhino
Rhinoceros unicornis. I am interested in plates of the fossil rhino found in the
Siwalik Hills, which was described by Hugh Falconer.
Maan Barua , Assam
We wish you a Happy Easter. Indeed one needs to pray for peace in today’s
world. Hope you received my novel Kalikatha via Bypass, which I had sent for the
Alka Saraogi, Kolkata
I would like to become a Life Member of the Goethals Library. I am interested in
Ornithology and maintain a Bibliographic database on the Ornithology of the
Aasheesh Pittie, Hyderabad
I seek your kind permission to collect biographical information of the members
of the Asiatic Society of Calcutta: 1865-1904, available in your center. I would
also like to have the biographical information regarding Dr. Goethals and Dr La
Font who were associated with the Asiatic Society.
S Chaudhuri, Kolkata
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